The NSF provides about one-quarter of all federal research grants and covers fields such as engineering, mathematics, computer science and social sciences. It also funds the purchase of large-scale scientific equipment.
According to the NSF website, foundation-funded researchers have gone on to win 236 Nobel Prizes.
Trump’s 2020 budget proposal also calls for dramatically reducing funding for education, agriculture, health programs, transportation and the State Department.
Congress has largely ignored Trump’s previous requests for deep discretionary budget cuts and has steadily increased NSF funding levels in recent years.
Updated at 1:29 p.m.